Monday, 20:12 26-04-2021

The value of Ho Chi Minh's thought from its pervasive influences in the world

Ho Chi Minh Ideology Monday, 20:12 26-04-2021
Communist Review - Ho Chi Minh ideological value is determined and recognized in many aspects, such as culture, morality, humanities, development whose cores are peace, national independence, democracy and social progress, looking forward the future as affirmed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). These values are not only inspiring and spreading around the world but are also a driving force contributing to the development of humanity and the encouragement of future generations.

Aspiration of human rights and the pervasive power of newpolitical values raise the flag of independence, freedom and happiness

The red thread throughout President Ho Chi Minh's career is the vision, bravery and intellect, especially the political premonition and sensitivity, which contains  not only modernity, universality but also specific characteristics of Vietnam. It was no coincidence that Nguyen Tat Thanh used his first name as Nguyen Ai Quoc when taking partin the international forum. As a patriot (Ai Quoc), with the desire to live of everyone and every nation in the world, including the people of Vietnam, Nguyen Ai Quoc signed under the Claims of the Annamite Peopleaddressed to the Versailles Conference to demand basic rights for the Annamite people, such as freedom, legal reform in Indochina, etc. He talked about the modern and universal values of the world at that time, including the pledges of the Allied powers in the struggle of the "civilization against barbarism" to affirm that "the prospect of an era of right and justice must absolutely come to them”(1). Before addressing the eight specific demands, Nguyen Ai Quoc referred to the "sacred national self-determination" mentioned by the Allied governments. He mentioned "the world justice of all great powers" that is human issues. The special political sensitivity of Nguyen Ai Quoc is reflected in the fact that he repeatedly mentioned France, a Republic institution that always claimed to have the mission to protect the people of An Nam. He also talked about the French people as "representatives of freedom and justice who will never give up their noble cause of universal fraternity" (2), thereby affirmed the human values, as well as the voice and aspirations of oppressed people, including the human rights aspirations of which theClaimsis a typical example.

After the success of August Revolution in 1945, President Ho Chi Minh's first bright spot was the proclamation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam with the goal of Independence - Freedom - Happiness. President Ho Chi Minh understood the universal rights and values ​​that Creator endowed people, This was the obvious and reasonable thing that humankind must abide by and was "completely" Vietnamese as the saying of David Halberstam. With the erudite vision, the bravery of an outstanding mind, and the profound understanding of the principles of  Allied International Conferences on ending World War II, President Ho Chi Minh beganThe Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam by quoting immortal words in the American Declaration of Independence in 1776 and the Declaration of Human Rights and Civil Rights of the French Revolution in 1789. That action has showed his position foresaw what, 15 years later, in 1960, the United Nations could see when introducing these values in the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples.

The great, difficult and extremely complex task of humanity in the twentieth century was the struggle to abolish colonial regime and colonialism. The ideology of Independence - Freedom - Happiness which President Ho Chi Minh declared right after the success of August Revolution was both a goal and a motivation to push the people pursue their path to the future. Dr. Modagat Ahmed, UNESCO Regional Director for Asia-Pacific, Special Representative of UNESCO General Director spoke at the International Conference celebrating the the100th anniversary of president Ho Chi Minh in 1990: “He was one of the first drivers of the anti-colonialist movement after World War II in Asia and one of the most influential leaders of the peoples in the twentieth century”(3).

Also at this Workshop, General Vo Nguyen Giap affirmed: “His most important cultural career was to lead the entire people to fight against foreign invaders in the new era, regain to the people the rights of a human life, a cultural life. President Ho Chi Minh, along with humanity, eliminated a great obstacle on the road to the civilized world, erasing a stain in history - the colonial regime”(4).

When tramping to find a path to national liberation, President Ho Chi Minh was always aware of selecting the lines of thought in the world. Emphasizing the moral cultivation of the doctrine of Confucius, the kindness of Jesus Christ, the dialectical method of Marxism and policy of the tenets of Sun Yat-sen, he found the common point shared among them was that they all wanted happiness for mankind and strived for the welfare of society.In 1990, according to UNESCO's Resolution, the world celebrated the 100th anniversary of President Ho Chi Minh with the theme: "President Ho Chi Minh, a hero of national liberation and a great man of culture". The common point that President Ho Chi Minh noticed in the thoughts of Confucius, Jesus, C. Marx, and Sun Yat-sen was reminded by a seminar delegate: “We come here, some are Muslims, some are Buddhists, Protestants or Christians.  Before, we did not understand each other, but after only two days of seminars, we could stay together and talk happily with each other because we share the common  Ho Chi Minh's ideal: "All want to make mankind free and happy" (5).

All nations loving freedom and independence who must fight for liberation and against the colonial yoke and empirial regime has "absorbed" Ho Chi Minh's thoughts into the heritage of humanity because he "not only struggled for a country or for a release on the outer surface but he wanted also to carry out a fight for human dignity, for the liberation and welfare of the entire people and thus hisRevolution has been world-class”(6).

The world names President Ho Chi Minh as a man of mankind not only because of the value of his thoughts that spread in the world, as a "shining man", "a marvelous person of all time", but more importantly but also thanks to his thoughts imprinted the times and dedicated to the world. Although he led the people’s fought against the French colonialists and the American imperialists, he did not oppose any country, even though it was a colonial country.He was only against inequitable and unjust relations. His views and ideology expressed the greatness of President Ho Chi Minh - a man of peace and combat for freedom and independence of his nation. The reason is Ho Chi Minh's thought contains undeniable truths, one of which is the immortal saying: "Nothing is more precious than independence and freedom!". Mr. Hans d’Orville, UNESCO Deputy Director-General once said that this statement was "of global value".

Although the above evidences are incomplete, they contributed to partly confirm the ideological value of President Ho Chi Minh, a hero of national liberation and a Vietnamese outstanding man of culture. In his opening speech on the 100th anniversary of President Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi, Dr. M. Armed said: “There is only a few historical figures who have become part of the myth while beingalive and it was obvious that Ho Chi Minh was one of them. Hewill be remembered not only as a liberator of his Homeland and his colonized people but also as a modern sage who has brought a new perspective and hope to those who are struggling uncompromisingly to eliminate injustice and inequality from this earth”(7).

Positive spillover effects of Ho Chi Minh's culture and socialism

When thinking about President Ho Chi Minh, it is referred to national independence and socialism. This is the axis throughout his thoughts.

In an interview with the Planète - ActionMagazine in Paris in May 1973, Edmond Michelet, Minister of the French Armed Forces, who was mandated by General de Gaulle to officially welcome President Ho in Paris (France) in 1946, said: "It was an idealist communist... I saw he always seemed to be influenced by great authors such as Marx and certainly Lenin too... But in his mind, there was also Jaurès (8)... He was the one who chose communism, yes, but there was a deep humanism... I suppose in the communist world, he was certainly one of the people who embraced the communist revolution, right... but in freedom... One can find in Mr. Ho’s thought a land of peace... because his socialism is a type of humanistic socialism”(9). General Vo Nguyen Giap also referred to the opinion of an American delegate: "If communism is like Ho Chi Minh communism, it is acceptable" (10). Huu Ngoc, a researcher who had clearly analyzed Ho Chi Minh's communism indicated that "it is humane communism, not only inherited from the socialist revolutionary traditions of 1917 but also absorbed from the essence of bourgeois revolutions. It is communism supporting the national liberation movement, respecting individuals, understanding the tears and laughs and able to compose and recite extempore poems"(11).

At the International Conference to celebrate the 100th birthday of President Ho Chi Minh, several scientists and politicians around the world expressed their views on the value of Ho Chi Minh socialism. V.M. Solnsev, an academician of the Soviet Academy of Sciences said: “Great changes are occuring in our dynamic world today... Our concept about socialism and the way to build socialism has also changed. However, despite all changes, there are still some important things that do not change. These are the socialist ideals, the ideals of humanism, liberty, democracy and social justice for which President Ho Chi Minh, a great patriot and an internationalist has dedicated his whole life. The years will pass, but the progressive humanity will remember President Ho Chi Minh's name and career”(12).

In the 80s of the twentieth century, an era of changes and complexities, the ideological struggle between progressive and anti-progressive forces to gain a free and fair regime became fiercer than ever. Looking at realist socialist models in crisis, many scientists say that this is not the time to talk about the pessimism of intelligence, but the time to talk about the optimism of the will. To overcome the problems that socialism is facing, we need to learn from President Ho Chi Minh the scientific thinking and awareness of socialism, both in term of theory and practices. We can learn from Him the quality of patience and steadfast spirit in pursuing purpose, calm in difficult times; flexibility in thinking and politics when building socialist solidarity; modesty and attachment to people from all strata of society; empathy to reach national reconciliation.

W.E. Gollan, a Member of the Executive Committee of the Australian Communist Party, wrote in 1990: “Ho Chi Minh was a great creative socialist thinker and an action person. His socialism was neither sectarian nor dogmatic, but humane and universal”(13).

The positive spillover effect of Ho Chi Minh’s culture and humane socialism cannot be confined to a few pages because it isa culture of being a human person, a religion of being a human person. A Japanese scholar said thatHo Chi Minh was the only political leader of the twentieth century who gained what no other leader has achieved: Since people knew Him so far, the admiration for Him did not change. The world recognizes that President Ho Chi Minh is not a memory of the past, but a miraculous person for all time. Mr. Hans d’Orville, UNESCO Deputy General Director once affirmed: Ho Chi Minh has become a teacher of life in a globalized world today.

The world thinks that President Ho Chi Minh belongs to the class of people who give us a reason to live and the ability to realize our dream because he has left the world valuable lessons about the people: “In today's world, nothing can resist the unity of the people. In today's world, nothing is more precious than the people. Nothing is stronger than the solidarity of the people. In every society, nothing is more beautiful and honorable than serving the people ”(14).

The world found in President Ho Chi Minh a man who "does not try to decorate power with jewels because he is confident in himself and in his relationship with the people". He was a political activist, a prominent politician with three virtues that the late Chilean President, Mr. Salvador Allende admired. Those were integrity, humanity and extreme modesty. Mr.P.J. Nehemiah, Prime Minister of India considered the meeting with President Ho Chi Minh as the one with "a great man, a part of Asian history, that makes us so happy to see the kindness of people and to realize that friendship, kindness will conquer all”. He wrote: “President Ho is not only a peace-loving person but also a particularly lovely and friendly one, a person of simplicity and modesty who thinks nothing of himself. As President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, he does not confine himself in ivory towers. Basically, he is a man of public, a leader with a rare combination of extreme tolerance and the most resolute will. By any standard, he is still the most prominent figure of our time”.

Life, career, ideology, morality, and lifestyle of Ho Chi Minh are messages of global value and also epochal value because they look forward the future and answerdivers big problems of the world. gender. Just as Romesh Chandraaffirmed: Wherever fighting for independence and freedom, there is Ho Chi Minh and Ho Chi Minh’s flag. Wherever fighting for peace and justice, there is Ho Chi Minh and Ho Chi Minh’s flag. Wherever people fight for a new world or against poverty, there is Ho Chi Minh and Ho Chi Minh’s flag. That is the positive spillover effects et ever-lasting value of Ho Chi Minh's thought in the world.

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(1), (2) Ho Chi Minh: Full collection, National Politics TruthPublishing House, Hanoi, 2011, t. 1, p. 469, 470
(3), (4) International Conference on President Ho Chi Minh (quoted from international delegates' presentation). Social SciencesPublishing House, Hanoi, 1990, p. 34, 29
(5) General Vo Nguyen Giap: Ho Chi Minh’s Thought - The process of formation and development, National Politics TruthPublishing House, Hanoi, 1993, p. 9
(6), (7) International Conference on President Ho Chi Minh (quoted from international delegates' presentation, ibid, p. 42, 135
(8) Jean Jaurès (1859 - 1914), Director of L’Humanité newspaper, founder of the French Unified Social Party
(9) Planète - ActionMagazine, Paris, May 1973 (See also Huu Ngoc: Sketching portraits of French culture, Vietnam Foreign Language Publishing House, Hanoi, 1991, p. 21)
(10) General Vo Nguyen Giap: Ho Chi Minh Thought - The process of formation and development, ibid, p. 9
(11) Huu Ngoc: Sketching portraits of French culture, Vietnam Foreign Language Publishing House, Hanoi, 1991, p. 21
(12) International Conference on President Ho Chi Minh (quoted from international delegates' discussion, ibid., p. 86
(13), (14) International Conference on President Ho Chi Minh (quoted from international delegates' presentation, ibid, p. 157, 79


Source: Communist Review online, posted on August 18th 2020

Bui Dinh Phong

Assoc. Dr. Institute of Ho Chi Minh and Party leaders, Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics

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